Dr Tim Reynolds
BA, MA, PhD, University of Cambridge, PGCE TILL HE Birkbeck
Department of History, Classics and Archaeology
Birkbeck, University of London
26 Russell Square
Tel: +44 (0)20 7631 6067
- Tim Reynolds has worked at Birkbeck since 2003. Before that he was County Archaeologist for Cambridgeshire and also taught for the University of Cambridge Extra-Mural Board. He had previously been a lecturer in archaeology at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. He works on the archaeology of Neanderthals and modern human origins. He has a specific interest in lithic technology and human adaptation.
Research and teaching
- I have always been interested in the relationship between Neanderthals and Modern humans and why it is modern humans survived when Neanderthals became extinct. This has become ever more intriguing with new evidence for contemporary human species such as the ‘Hobbits’ and Denisovans. Is there a single development behind modern human success around the globe or should it be linked to local adaptations. Is it fruitful to talk of ‘behavioural modernity’?
- Exploring human behaviour and adaptation through their technology allows me to investigate some of these issues.
- Research interests
- Modern Human Origins
- The Archaeology of Neanderthals
- Lithic technology
- Landscape Archaeology
I am the award co-ordinator for the Cert HE in Archaeology and History. I teach archaeological methods and practice for both the Cert HE and BA, Human Evolution on the Cert HE and the organisation of Archaeology in Britain for the Archaeology MA
- PhD supervision
My previous PhD students have studied topics as diverse as evidence for pollution from ancient mining to the role of metaphor in Ancient Egyptian texts but I am keen to supervise students working in areas related to lithic technology, early prehistory, experimental archaeology and landscape archaeology
- Jones, S., Antoniadou, A., Barton, H., Drake, N., Farr, L., Hunt, C., Inglis, R., Reynolds, T., White, K. & Barker, G. (in press). Patterns of hominin occupation and cultural diversity across the Gebel Akhdar of Northern Libya over the last ~200 ka. In Africa from MIS 6-2: population dynamics and paleoenvironments (S. Jones & B. Stewart, Eds.). Springer, Dordrecht
- Reynolds, T & Barker, G. 2015 Reconstructing Late Pleistocene climates, landscapes, and human activities in northern Borneo from excavations in the Niah Caves In The Emergence and Diversity of Modern Human Behavior in Palaeolithic Asia Y. Kaifu, M. Izuho, T. Goebel, H. Sato, A. Ono (eds) Texas A&M University Press.
- Reynolds, T. 2014 Possible Population Histories in North Cyrenaica during the MSA/Early Upper Palaeolithic. In Living in the Landscape Essays in Honour of Graeme Barker. Boyle, K., Rabett, R.J., & Chris O. Hunt. Pp49 – 58. Cambridge, McDonald Institute Monographs.
- Barker, G., Gilbertson, D., & Reynolds, T. (eds.) Forthcoming Archaeological Investigations in the Niah Caves, Sarawak, 1954-2003. The Niah Cave Project, Volume 2. McDonald Institute Monographs, Cambridge
- Barker, G. (ed.) 2014 The Archaeology of the Niah Caves, Sarawak: Rainforest Foraging and farming in Island Southeast Asia. Niah Cave Project Volume 1. McDonald Institute Monographs, Cambridge. Reynolds contributions to 7 chapters.
- Articles and chapters
- Reynolds, T. (2013) The Stone Industry from Gua Sireh, Sarawak. Sarawak Museum Journal. 67.
- Rabett, R.J. & Reynolds, T. (2015). The Upper Palaeolithic of South and Southeast Asia. Encyclopaedia of Archaeology . Renfrew, C. & Bahn. P. (eds.), University Press, Cambridge
- Douka, K., Grun, R., Jacobs, Z., Lane, C., Farr, L., Hunt, C., Inglis, R., Reynolds, T., Albert, P., Aubert, V.C., Hill, E., Kinsley, L., Roberts, R., Tomlinson, E.L., Wulf, S., Barker. (2014) Redating the Haua Fteah cave (Cyrenaica, northeast Libya) and its implications for North African Prehistory. Journal of Human Evolution 66: 39-63
- Reynolds, T., (2012) The Middle Palaeolithic of Cyrenaica: Is there an Aterian at the Haua Fteah and does it matter?,Quaternary International (2012),
- Barker, G., Farr, L., Hill, E., Hunt, C., Lucarini, G., Mutri, G., Prendergast, A., Prior, A., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Twati, M. (2012) The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2012: the fifth season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave. Libyan Studies 42
- Rabett, R., Appleby,J. Blyth, A., Farr, L., Gallou, A., Griffiths, T., Hawkes, J., Marcus, D., Marlow, L.,Morley, M., Nguyeˆn’ Cao Taˆn’, Nguyeˆn’ Van Son., Penkman, K., Reynolds, T., Stimpson, C., Szabo, K. (2011) Inland shell midden site-formation: Investigation into a late Pleistocene to early Holocene midden from Tra`ng An, Northern Vietnam. Quaternary International 239 (2011) 153-169
- Hunt, C. O., Reynolds, T. G., El-Rishi, H. A., Buzaian, A., Hill, E., & Barker, G. W. (2011). Resource pressure and environmental change on the North African littoral: Epipalaeolithic to Roman gastropods from Cyrenaica, Libya. Quaternary International, 244(1), 15-26.
- Hunt, C., Davison, J., Inglis, R., Farr, L., Reynolds, T., Simpson, D., Barker, G., & Hwedi el-Rishi (2010) Site formation processes in caves: the Holocene sediments of the Haua Fteah, Cyrenaica, Libya. Journal of Archaeological Science 37 (7): 1600-1611
- Barker, G., Antoniadou, A., Armitage, S., Brooks, I., Candy, I., Connell, K., Drake, N., Farr, L., Hunt, C., Inglis, R., Jones, S., Morales, J., Morley, I., Mutri, G., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Simpson, D., Twati, M., & White, K. (2010). The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2010: the fourth season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the 2007-2009 fieldwork. Libyan Studies, 41, 63-88.
- McLaren, S. & Reynolds, T. (2009) Early Humans in Dryland Environments: A Geoarchaeological Perspective. In Geomorphology of Desert Environments. Parsons, A.J. & Abrahams, A.D. (eds.). pp.773-797. Sheffield, Springer.
- Barker,G., Antoniadou, A., Barton, H., Brooks, I., Candy, I., Drake, N., Farr, L., Hunt, C., Abdulsaid Abdulhamid I.,Inglis, R., Jones, S., Morales, J., Morley, I., Mutri, G., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Simpson, D., Twati, M., & White, K. (2009) The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project: the third season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the 2007-2008 fieldwork. Libyan Studies 40: 55-94
- Rabett, R., Barker, G., Hunt, C., Naruse, T., Piper, P., Raddatz, E., Reynolds, T., Nguyen Van Son, Stimpson, C., Szabo, K., Nguyen Cao Tan, & Wilson, J. (2009) The Trang An Project: Late-to-Post-Pleistocene Settlement of the Lower Song Hong Valley, North Vietnam. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 19 (1): 83-109
- Barker, G., Basell, L., Brooks, L., Burn, L., Cartwright, C., Cole, F., Davison, J., Farr, L., Grün, R., Hamilton, R., Hunt, C., Inglis, R., Jacobs, Z., Leitch, V., Morales, J., Morley, I., Morley, M., Pawley, S., Pryor, A., Reynolds, T., Hwedi el-Rishi, Roberts, R., Simpson, D., Twati, M., & van der Veen, M (2008). The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2008: the second season of investigations of the Haua Fteah cave and its landscape, and further results from the initial (2007) fieldwork. Libyan Studies 39: 175-221
- Reynolds, T. (2007) Problems in the Stone Age of South-east Asia Revisited. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 73:39-58
- Reynolds, T. (2007) The Lithics, Section 42. In The Archaeology of Fazzan. Volume 2, Site gazetteer, Pottery and other finds. Mattingly, D. (ed.) Society for Libyan Studies Monograph, London. pp. 432 - 447
- Reynolds, T. (2007) Stone Tools. In Postgate, N & Thomas, D (eds.) Excavations at Kilese Tepe, 1994-98: From Bronze Age to Byzantine in Western Cilicia. McDonald Institute, Cambridge/British Institute in Ankara. pp. 545-558
- Barker, G., Barton, H., Bird, M., Daly, P., Datan, I., Dykes, A., Farr, L.,, Gilbertson, D., Harrisson, B., Hunt, C., Higham, T., Kealhofer, L., Krigbaum, J., Lewis, H., McLaren, S., Paz, V., Pike, A., Piper, P., Pyatt, B., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Rose, J., Rushworth, G., Stephens, M., Stringer, C., Thompson, G., Turney, C. (2007) The ‘human revolution’ in lowland tropical Southeast Asia: the antiquity and behavior of anatomically modern humans at Niah Cave (Sarawak, Borneo) Journal of Human Evolution 52: 243-261
- Barker, G, Hunt, C. & Reynolds, T. (2007) The Haua Fteah, Cyrenaica (Northeast Libya): renewed investigations of the cave and its landscape. Libyan Studies 38:93-114
- McLaren, S., Reynolds, T. Gilbertson, D, Grattan, J., Hunt, C., Hwedi el-Rishi, Barker, G., & Duller, G (2007) Pleistocene environments and human settlement. In Archaeology and Desertification. The Wadi Faynan Landscape Survey, Southern Jordan. Barker, G, Gilbertson, D.,& Mattingly, D (eds.). Council for British Research in the Levant/Oxbow Books, Oxford. pp. 177-198
- Barker, G., Hunt, C., McLaren, S., Reynolds, T., Hwedi el-Rishi, Gilbertson, D., & Grattan, J. (2007) Early Holocene environments and early farming c. 11, 000 – 7000 cal BP, c. 9500 – 5000 cal. BC In Archaeology and Desertification. The Wadi Faynan Landscape Survey, Southern Jordan. Barker, G, Gilbertson, D.,& Mattingly, D (eds.). Council for British Research in the Levant/Oxbow Books, Oxford. pp. 199-226
- Barker, G., Adams, R., Creighton, O., Hewdi el-Rishi, Gilbertson, D., Grattan, J., Hunt, C., Newson, P., & Pyatt, B. & Reynolds, T. (2007) Chalcolithic (c.5000 – 3600 cal. BC) and Bronze Age (c. 3600 – 1200 cal. BC) settlement in Wadi Faynan: Metallurgy and social complexity. In Archaeology and Desertification. The Wadi Faynan Landscape Survey, Southern Jordan. Barker, G, Gilbertson, D.,& Mattingly, D (eds.). Council for British Research in the Levant/Oxbow Books, Oxford. pp. 227-270
- Mattingly, D., Edwards, D., with contributions by Balcombe, P., Barnett, T., Daniels, C., Dore, J., Hawthorne, J., Leone, A., Newson, P., Reynolds, T. & Wilson, A. (2007) Part 1. The Archaeology of Fazzan: Site Gazetteer & The Archaeology of Fazzan. Volume 2, Site gazetteer, Pottery and other finds. Mattingly, D. (ed.) Society for Libyan Studies Monograph, London.
- Reynolds, T. 2006 The Importance of Saharan Lithic Assemblages. In The Libyan Desert. Natural Resources and Cultural Heritage. Mattingly, D., McLaren, S., Savage, E., al_Fasawi, Y., & Gadgood. K. London, Society for Libyan Studies, pp. 81-90
- Reynolds, T. 2006 The Palaeolithic of Niah Caves. In A. Campus (ed.). Enciclopedia Archaeologica. Rome, Instiuto della Enciclopedia Italia
- Reynolds, T. & Conneller, C. 2006 The Hill Row Doles core. In A Woodland Archaeology. Neolithic sites at Haddenham. The Haddenham Project Volume 1. Evans, C. & Hodder, I McDonald Institute Monographs, Cambridge. pp. 34-35
- I am currently preparing a book on the origin and spread of modern humans, completing work on the site of the Haua Fteah, Libya and planning renewed investigations for Shanidar cave, Iraq.