VOCABULARY

Some of the following vocabulary /substantive concepts may be learnt during lessons on Boyle and the Scientific Revolution. The list is meant for teachers' use in the first instance and additions will inevitably be required. Definitions can be found in a large and comprehensive English dictionary; a useful glossary of terms also appears in J. Henry, The Scientific Revolution and the Origins of Modern Science, Studies in European History, ((Basingstoke, 1997), (2nd edition, 2002), pp. 119-129.

A

abstract ideas

account

AD

admiral

advocates

ague

ailments

air pump

alchemical

alchemy

amanuensis

ambassador

anachronism

anatomy

anecdote

anno domini

annotate

antiquarian

apothecaries

Apothecaries

aqua fortis (nitric acid)

aqua regia (nitric acid and hydrochloric acid)

archive

aristocratic

Aristotelian approaches using the theories of Aristotle

Aristotle

astronomy

atheistic

atomic structure

Atomical

Atomist

Atomistic

Atomists

autobiography

axiom

 

B

Baconian

barometer

BC

Big Bang

biography

black bile

Blood

 

C

Cartesian

cartography

chemical

chemical physicians (see ‘Paracelsus')

chemical remedies

chemist

choleric

Christians

chronology

cinnabar (mercuric sulphide)

cipher

classical antiquity

Claudius Galen (c. 130-201 AD)

colleague

collegiate

colony

combustion

contemporaries

contemporary

context

Copernican

Copernicus

corpuscles

corpuscularian

Corpuscularist/corpuscular

corroboration

cosmological

cosmology

credibility

crucible

culture

 

D

Darwinism

deductive

Democritus (c. 460-c. 370 BC)

Descartes

diagnosis

diaphoretics

diffidence

disseminate

Divinity

doctrine

documentary

dogmatic

 

E

earl

early modern

early modern period - 1500-1800

edition

efficacy

efficacy

elixir

emetic

eminence

empirical

empiricism – based on facts and experience

Enlightenment

Epicurus (341-270 BC)

esoteric

essential forms and qualities

establishment

evidence

evolution

evolved

excretion

Experiment

experimental

experimentation

experiments

expulsion

Externalist

extract

 

F

facilitated

facilities

fact-gathering

fellow

focal point

forms and qualities

formulate

four elements

four humours, sanguine, the phlegmatic, the choleric and the melancholic.

Francis Bacon

 

G

Galenic

Galenic physicians

Galenism

Genesis

George Thompson

 

H

herbal

Historiography

humour

hypothesis

 

I

Iatrochemist

Ideal

induction

inductive

infer

informant

Internalist

Interpretation

irrational

 

J

journal

laxatives

lectureship

 

K

L

logical

 

M

magic

manuscript

matter

mechanical hypothesis

Mechanics

Mechanistic

medications

medicinal

medieval period

melancholic

membership

mercantile

merchant

mercury

metallurgy

methodology

microscope

microscopes

 

N

Natural philosophy

navy

nobility

 

O

objective

observation

Occultism

oil of vitriol (sulphuric acid)

Optics

originate

origins

orthodox

 

P

pamphlet

Paracelsianism

Paracelsians or ‘chemical physicians'

Paracelsus (1493-1541)

patron

Pharmacology

phenomena

phenomenon

Philosopher's Stone

Philosophy

phlegm

phlegm phlegmatic

phlegmatic

physic

physical

physician

physicist

Physiology

Plato

preconceived

precursor

primary

printed book

professorship

proposition

Protestant

provenance

Ptolemaic

Ptolemy

 

Q

quantitative

 

R

rational

reagent

Reason

receiver

receptive

remedies

Remedy

Renaissance

renown

repository

reprint

reputation

resource

respiration

Restoration

retort

Robert Boyle

Royal Society

 

S

saccharum saturni (sugar of Saturn or lead acetate)

sal ammoniac (ammonium chloride)

sanguine

scepticism

scholarly journal

scholastic

Science

Scientific instruments

secondary

serpent

Seventeenth century 1600-1700

Socio-economic

Socio-political

solar system

source

species

spiritus fumans (stannic chloride)

statistics

subjective

sublimation

subscribe

subscription

subversive

sulphur

Supernatural

Superstitious

Surgery

symbol

synthesis

synthesis

 

T

technology

Teleological

telescope

temperature

theologians

theology

theory

therapy

thermometer

Theses

Thesis

thorax

transactions

transcended

transcript

transcription

Transformation

Transmutation

Transmute

traveller

treatise

 

U

universe

university

utility

 

V

vacuum

Vesalius (1514-64)

Victorian

visual sources

Voluntarism

vomiting

 

W

West Indies

Whiggism

William Harvey (1578-1657)

 

X, Y, Z

yellow bile