Dr Heather Chappells is a consultant/researcher on the MCE project. She is examining Canadian case studies for the spatial and disruption themes and will explore the Indian case studies in the transition theme. After completing her PhD at Lancaster University on the construction of energy and water demand, she has been co-investigator on several research projects bringing interdisciplinary perspectives from geography and sociology to problems of sustainable consumption and provision in resource-based systems, including: ‘Future Comforts’ (ESRC, 2003-04) and ‘Drought and Demand’ (2006-07). Since moving to Canada in 2007, she has been an adjunct professor in Geography at Saint Mary’s University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and a researcher at Dalhousie University. She currently teaches at the University of British Columbia. Publications include: Infrastructures of Consumption: Environmental Innovation in the Utility Industries (Earthscan, 2005); and Comfort in a Lower Carbon Society (Routledge, 2009).