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Elena Azañón, PhD

My research concerns the perception of touch in space and its relation to the mental representation of our body.

In particular, I am interested in the process that allows us to successfully refer touch to external locations across posture changes. When a stimulus is delivered to the skin, the evoked cutaneous activity carries information about the location of the stimulus on the particular body surface. However, the body is not a static sensory organ, and in order to determine the location of the touch in space, the brain must take into account current body posture. The characterization of this process, including its timings, neural bases and the interplay with mental body representations are central topics of my research. I use and combine psychophysics and neuroimaging techniques (EEG, MRI and TMS) to identify the behavioural and neural correlates of these phenomena.

I am also interested in the role that visual, proprioceptive and tactile offline information (in the form of priors, for instance) might have in the perception of tactile and visual events.


Azañón, E., Camacho, K., Morales, M., & Longo, M. R. (in press). The sensitive period for tactile remapping does not include early infancy. Child Development.

Calzolari, E.*, Azañón, E.*, Danvers, M., Vallar, G., & Longo, M. R. (2017). Adaptation aftereffects reveal that tactile distance is a basic somatosensory feature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 114, 4555-4560. *Equal contribution

Ambroziak, K. B., Azañón, E., & Longo, M. R. (2017). Eating and body image: Does food insecurity make us feel thinner? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 14-15.

Azañón, E., Mihaljevic, K., & Longo, M.R. (2016) A three-dimensional spatial characterization of the crossed-hands deficit. Cognition, 157:289-295.

Azañón, E., Radulova, S., Haggard, P., & Longo, M. R. (2016). Does the crossed-limb deficit affect the uncrossed portions of limbs? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42:1320-1331.

Filbrich, L., Torta, D., Vanderclausen, C., Azañón, E., Legrain, V. (2016). Using temporal order judgments to investigate attention bias toward pain and threat-related information. Methodological and theoretical issues. Consciousness and Cognition, 41:135-138.

Azañón, E., Tamè, L., Maravita, A., Linkenauger, S.A., Ferrè, E.R., Tajadura-Jiménez, A., Longo, M.R. (2016). Multimodal contributions to body representation. Multisensory Research, 29: 635-661.

Soto-Faraco, S., Navarra, J., Sinnett, S., Alsius, A., Azañón, E. (2016). [Multisensory Integration]. Integración Multisensorial. In: Bajo, M.T., Fuentes, L.J., Lupiáñez, J., Rueda, M.R. (eds.). Mente y cerebro: De la Psicología Experimental a la Neurociencia Cognitiva. Madrid, España: Alianza Editorial.

Azañón E, Stenner MP, Cardini F, Haggard P (2015). Dynamic tuning of tactile localization to body posture. Current Biology, 25: 512-517.

Heed T, Azañón E (2014). Using time to investigate space: a review of tactile temporal order judgments as a window onto spatial processing in touch. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 1-16.

Soto-Faraco S, Azañón E (2013). Electrophysiological correlates of tactile remapping. Neuropsychologia, 51: 1584-1594.

Overvliet KE, Azañón E, Soto-Faraco S (2011). Somatosensory saccades reveal the timing of tactile spatial remapping. Neuropsychologia, 49: 3046-3052.

Azañón E, Longo MR, Soto-Faraco S, Haggard P (2010). The Posterior Parietal Cortex Remaps Touch into External Space. Current Biology, 20: 1304-1309.

Azañón E, Camacho K, Soto-Faraco S (2010). Tactile remapping beyond space. European Journal of Neuroscience, 31: 1858-1867.

Lloyd DM, Azañón E, Poliakoff E (2010). Right hand presence modulates shifts of exogenous visuospatial attention in near perihand space. Brain and Cognition, 73: 102-109.

Longo MR, Azañón E, Haggard P (2010). More than skin deep: body representation beyond primary somatosensory cortex. Neuropsychologia, 48: 655-668.

Azañón E, Haggard P (2009). Somatosensory processing and body representation. Cortex, 45:1078-1084.

Azañón E, Soto-Faraco S (2008). Changing reference frames during the encoding of tactile events. Current Biology, 18: 1044-1049.

Azañón E, Soto-Faraco S (2008). Spatial remapping of tactile events: Assessing the effects of frequent posture changes. Communicative & Integrative Biology, 1: 45-46.

Azañón E, Soto-Faraco S (2007). Alleviating the 'crossed-hands' deficit by seeing uncrossed rubber hands. Experimental Brain Research 182: 537-548.

Sinnett S, Juncadella M, Rafal R, Azañón E, Soto-Faraco S (2007). A dissociation between visual and auditory hemi-inattention: Evidence from temporal order judgements. Neuropsychologia, 45:552-560.

Azañón E, Sebastián-Gallés N (2005). Dichotic listening test in Spanish: pairs of disyllabic words. Revista de Neurología, 41: 657-663.

Grants & Awards

Current Collaborators


Email: eazanyon@gmail.com