Leonardo da Vinci Society



The Society was founded by the late Kenneth Keele, who combined a distinguished career in medicine with important research into the work of Leonardo. Officers have included Sir Ernst Gombrich and Martin Kemp. It is notable that, while all three scholars could correctly be described as experts on the work of Leonardo, none of them was or is a specialist on Leonardo in the sense of carrying out research only into the work of Leonardo. That, of course, also tells one something about Leonardo.
The Leonardo da Vinci Society is well established as providing a forum for those interested in Leonardo or more generally in the aspects of the culture of his time to which he contributed. The Society's interests also extend to the Art/Science overlap in other periods (due account being taken of the historical evolution of both the terms concerned). See recent reviews and publications in the newsletter. ^


The Leonardo da Vinci Society would welcome new members. To become a member, complete and post the membership form PDF or MS Word document. If you pay income tax in the UK, please also consider completing the Gift Aid portion of the membership form. For further information about membership, please contact one of the following committee members:


President, Dr J. V. Field, Department of History of Art & Screen Media, Birkbeck College 43 Gordon Sq., London WC1H 0PD, UK; tel & fax +(44) (0)20 7736 9198, email: jv.field(at)hist-art.bbk.ac.uk.

Vice President, Professor Francis Ames-Lewis, Department of History of Art & Screen Media, Birkbeck College; home address: 52 Prebend Gardens, London W6 0XU, UK; tel & fax +(44) (0)20 8748 1259, email: f.ames-lewis(at)hist-art.bbk.ac.uk.

Secretary and Treasurer, Mr Tony Mann, School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences; The University of Greenwich; Maritime Greenwich University Campus, 30 Park Row, Greenwich, London SE10 9LS, UK; tel. +(44) (0)20 8331 8709, fax: +(44) (0)20 8331 8665, email: a.mann(at)gre.ac.uk.

Newsletter Editor, Dr Maya Corry, Oriel College, Oxford, OX1 4EW, UK; email: maya.corry(at)oriel.ox.ac.uk.

Publicity & Web Management, Dr Matthew Landrus, Research Fellow, Wolfson College, and Faculty of History, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX2 6UD, UK; UK tel 0753 094 2043; US tel (001) (401) 654 9445; email: matthew.landrus(at)history.ox.ac.uk; and Dr Marco Versiero, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Lyon, France.

Dr Susanna Avery-Quash, The National Gallery, London, UK; email: Susanna.Avery-Quash(at)ng-london.org.uk.

Dr Juliana Barone, Department of History of Art & Screen Media, Birkbeck College, 43 Gordon Sq., London WC1H 0PD, UK; email: juliana.barone(at)btinternet.com.

Ms Noël-Ann Bradshaw, School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences; The University of Greenwich; Maritime Greenwich University Campus, 30 Park Row, Greenwich, London SE10 9LS, UK; tel. +(44) (0)20 8331 8454, fax: +(44) (0)20 8331 8665, email: n.bradshaw(at)gre.ac.uk.

Dr Stephen Clucas, Department of English and Humanities, Birkbeck College, 43 Gordon Sq., London WC1H 0PD, UK; email: s.clucas(at)sas.ac.uk.

Dr Guido Giglioni, The Warburg Institute, University of London, UK; email: Guido.Giglioni(at)bbk.ac.uk.

Professor Frank A.J.L. James, Royal Institution Centre for the History of Science and Technology, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1X.4BS, UK; and at the University College London Department of Science and Technology Studies; email: fjames(at)ri.ac.uk.

Dr Nick Lambert, Department of History of Art & Screen Media, Birkbeck College, 43 Gordon Sq., London WC1H 0PD, UK; email: nick.lambert(at)gmail.com.

Dr Richard Oosterhoff, Faculty of History, University of Cambridge, UK; email: ro289(at)cam.ac.uk.

Dr Anna Sconza, Department of Italian studies / Etudes italiennes et Roumaines, Sorbonne University (Paris 3), Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3, 13 rue Santeuil, 75230 Paris cedex 05, FR; email: anna.sconza(at)univ-paris3.fr.

Ms Angela Sheehan, A S Publishing, 73 Montpelier Rise, London NW11 9DU, UK; tel (0)20 8458 3552; email: asheehan(at)waitrose.com.

Mr Richard Talbot, Head of Fine Art, School of Arts and Cultures, Newcastle University, Armstrong Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU; email: richard.talbot(at)ncl.ac.uk.

The Leonardo da Vinci Society is a registered charity, no 1012878. ^



Within the history of art Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519) represents 'science' and within the history of science he represents art.

On the trivial level this means that many art historians take it for granted that his anatomical or optical drawings are correct (that is, in accord with twentieth-century views) while historians of science are sometimes at least equally impressionable, being dazzled by the beauty of the drawings with which they are confronted.

In Leonardo's work we are seeing into a culture in which academic specialisations make a map very different from that of our own time, and in which, moreover, there is a considerable degree of social separation between a tradition of university learning, and a tradition of practical skills, despite a notable degree of overlap in subject matter. Nor is the advantage all to the person who is 'learned' in the sense of having university training or being able to read Latin. For instance, in Italy, when it comes to geometry or arithmetic, we may not assume that the fifteenth- or sixteenth-century 'scholar' knew more than the 'craftsman'. Also, the practical tradition fares better than the theoretical one in providing lasting monuments to skill. The dome of Florence cathedral (nearly finished when its designer, Filippo Brunelleschi, died in 1446) now looks much more impressive than fifteenth-century astronomical theories - and not only to non-specialists.

Since history of art is a better established discipline than history of science, Leonardo has in fact chiefly been studied from the art side, though (for instance) his innovatory methods of illustration, such as his use of an 'exploded' view, clearly had an influence well beyond the realm of what would now be called fine art.

A brief biography of Leonardo may be found here. ^



The Society also publishes a newsletter containing news, reviews and bibliographies, copies of which are available here. Suggestions of material, such as forthcoming conferences, symposia and other events, exhibitions, publications and so on, that would be of interest to members of the Society for inclusion in this Newsletter should be sent to: Dr Maya Corry, Oriel College, Oxford, OX1 4EW, UK; email: maya.corry(at)oriel.ox.ac.uk. ^



For weekly updates on a broad range of Society and Leonardo-related academic news, please visit our Facebook page. ^


The 2018 AGM will be on Friday, 4 May at 5:30 pm at the Kenneth Clark Lecture Theatre, Courtauld Institute of Art, Somerset House.

At 6 pm, Professor Pascal Brioist (Centre d'études supérieures de la Renaissance [CESR], University of Tours) will discuss:

Leonardo da Vinci and bio-inspiration

Manuscript B 100v

Leonardo da Vinci, Manuscript B, folio 100v, detail, pen and ink on paper, c. 1488, Institut de France, Paris

Bio-inspiration is not entirely our own invention: in the Renaissance, engineers looked at natural forms and were convinced that mimicking nature offered technical solutions to their own problems. Leonardo da Vinci was certainly the most careful observer of nature of his time, and as a result it has become commonplace to judge that he used bio-mimetism as a way to find inspiration. Recently, scientists have claimed that Leonardo was a kind of precursor for bionics; but the intellectual process of imitation adopted by Leonardo da Vinci has not been fully investigated. This presentation will delve deeper into this issue, looking especially at Leonardo’s imitation of birds, insects and flying fishes in order to study the possibilities of human flight.

Pascal Brioist is Professor of History and researcher at the CESR (Centre for Advanced Renaissance Studies) since 1994; he completed his PhD at the European University Institute in Florence in 1992. A specialist in cultural history and the history of England, his work has dealt mainly with techniques and the history of science, especially through the study of Leonardo da Vinci. He has published several books about Leonardo: Da Vinci Touch (2014), dedicated to the needs of blind people, Léonard de Vinci, homme de guerre (2013), Léonard de Vinci: Arts, sciences et techniques (2011) and Léonard de Vinci, ingénieur et savant (2008).

A PDF poster/announcement of the lecture is here.

Admission is free; all are welcome. Previous annual lecture announcements are available here^



The Universal Leonardo web site (www.universal leonardo.org) is a resource on Leonardo da Vinci. Universal Leonardo is a programme of European exhibitions, scientific research and web resources on Leonardo organised by Artakt, Central Saint Martins College of Art ad Design, the University of the Arts London. Universal Leonardo is co-directed by Prof Marina Wallace, Central Saint Martins, and Prof Martin Kemp, University of Oxford. Highlights of the web site include an interactive timeline at the top of each page visualising the thematic links and interconnections in Leonardo's works over time; images revealing scientific analyses results carried out on The Madonna of the Yarnwinder (The Lansdowne Madonna); interactive games; a gallery of more than 100 zoomable images of Leonardo's works and exhibition details. ^



La Bella Principessa and the Warsaw Sforziad, by Pascal Cotte and Martin Kemp

This is a significant update to a book published in 2010 by Pascal Cotte and Martin Kemp, on an exceptional portait on vellum executed in inks and coloured chalks. This article offers evidence of the original location of the portrait in the Warsaw Sforziad. Beginning its journey as a German 19th-century pastiche in 1998, the portrait on vellum is now considered one of the works by Leonardo, about which we know most in terms of its patronage, subject, date, original location, function and innovatory technique. The article is here. ^

The Warsaw Sforziad, by Katarzyna Woźniak

This is a thorough historical assessment, as of May 2014, of the Warsaw Sforziad by Katarzyna Woźniak. As part of a larger project on this incunabulum and its possible association with La Bella Principessa, this essay is the first major historical study of the Warsaw Sforziad, developed with the help of archival evidence and previously unknown documents. The article is here. ^

La Bella Principessa and the Warsaw Sforziad. Circumstances of Rebinding and Excision of the Portrait, by Katarzyna Woźniak

This paper provides a detailed assessment of the circumstances of rebinding of the Warsaw copy of La Sforziada, and, according to the latest publication of Prof. Martin Kemp, parallel excision of the portrait of La Bella Principessa.

Extensive study of the history of the Zamoyski book collection as well as scrupulous analysis of alterations to the original volume – decoration of the new leather cover, watermarks on inserted sheets, bookplates, existing and obliterated inscriptions - have helped specify the time frame to the first years of the 19th century. Consequently, the identification of the individuals who were responsible for this restoration was possible.

On a wider historical panorama this text presents the rebinding of La Sforziada as part of the cultural and economical reform of the Entailed Estate of Zamosc, taken over by count Stanislaw Kostka Zamoyski in 1800. Furthermore, this study examines his close relationship to Princes Adam and Izabela Czartoryski, owners of Leonardo's Lady with an Ermine. The article is here. ^

Ludovico il Moro, Duke of Milan, and the Sforziada by Giovanni Simonetta in Warsaw, by D. R. Edward Wright

This paper addressess the purpose of the Warsaw Sforziad, its iconography, provenance, historical background, and the uses of the four presentation copies on vellum. The article is here. ^


It is essentially due to what today's historians would regard as an ill chosen set of categories that Leonardo, that is his historical persona, has become a symbol for the meeting of Art and Science, though his activities are indeed unusually multifarious even by the standards of his own time. However, if the categories of Art and Science are defined in twentieth-century terms, Leonardo's work does indeed span them, and since 1990 the Leonardo da Vinci Society has organised an annual series of one-day conferences, in partnership with the Society for Renaissance Studies, on the general theme 'Art and Science in the Italian Renaissance'.

Topics treated have included anatomy, optics, engineering, maps, proportion, botany, Vitruvian studies and music. The liveliness of the discussions has tended to confirm that the Society is providing a useful opportunity for the meeting of minds, and helping historians of science, medicine, engineering, architecture and art to bridge the gaps that, since Leonardo's time, have opened up between the disciplines in which he took an active interest. Notes about previous meetings are in the Society newsletters and archives. ^


The Leonardo da Vinci Society is a registered charity, number 1012878. ^



The Lives of Leonardo, edited by Thomas Frangenberg and Rodney Palmer, Warburg Institute, Nino Aragno Editore, Turin, 2013. Available at The School of Advanced Study, University of London.

Re-Reading Leonardo: The Treatise on Painting across Europe, 1550-1900, edited and introduced by Claire Farago, Ashgate, 2009.Available at Ashgate and Amazon.

Rise of the Image: Essays on the History of the Illustrated Art Book, edited by Rodney Palmer and Thomas Frangenberg, Ashgate, 2003. Available at Ashgate and Amazon.

Poetry on Art: Renaissance to Romanticism, edited by Thomas Frangenberg, Shaun Tyas, 2003. Usually available at Abebooks.

Reports on previous conferences are available in the newsletters. ^


Leonardo da Vinci’s Madonna of the Yarnwinder: A Historical and Scientific Detective Story, by Martin Kemp and Thereza Wells, London: Artakt, first published in print form in 2011.’ Available for free: epub here.

Andrea del Verrocchio, Life and Work, by Dario Covi, Arte e archeologia - Studi e documenti, vol. 27, Olschki, 2005. Available at Olschki.

Le armi e le macchine da guerra: il De re militari di Leonardo, by Matthew Landrus, Disegni di Leonardo dal Codice Atlantico 5, DeAgostini, 2010. Available on request from the author and at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana.

Art and Identity in Early Modern Rome, edited by Jill Burke and Michael Bury, Ashgate, 2008. Available at Ashgate and href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/Art-Identity-Early-Modern-Rome/dp/075465690X/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1344274901&sr=1-3">Amazon.

Christ to Coke: How Image Becomes Icon, by Martin Kemp, Oxford University Press, 2011. Available at Amazon.

The Common Purposes of Life, Science and Society at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, edited by Frank A.J.L. James, Ashgate, 2002. Available at Ashgate and Amazon.

The Correspondence of Michael Faraday, edited by Frank A.J.L. James, Volumes 1-6, The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1991-2011. Available at The Institution of Engineering and Technology, and Amazon.

The Invention of Infinity: Mathematics and Art in the Renaissance, by J.V. Field, Oxford University Press, 1997. Available at Amazon.

Isabella and Leonardo: The Artistic Relationship Between Isabella D'Este and Leonardo Da Vinci, by Francis Ames-Lewis, Yale University Press, 2012. Available at Amazon.

Leonardo, by Martin Kemp, Oxford University Press, 2004. Available at Amazon.

Leonardo da Vinci and his circle: drawings in British collections, edited by Martin Kemp and Juliana Barone, Giunti, 2010. Available at Giunti.

Leonardo da Vinci and the Ethics of Style, edited by Claire Farago, Manchester University Press, 2008. Available at Amazon.

Leonardo da Vinci's Giant Crossbow, by Matthew Landrus, Springer, 2010. Available at Amazon.

Leonardo da Vinci: Life and Work, and Treasures of Leonardo da Vinci, by Matthew Landrus, Carlton and HarperCollins, 2006, 2009. Available at here, and here.

Leonardo da Vinci: The Complete Paintings and Drawings, by Frank Zollner and Johannes NathanSpringer, 2003, 2011. Available at Amazon.

Leonardo: Studies of Motion, by Juliana Barone, Disegni di Leonardo dal Codice Atlantico 8, DeAgostini, 2011. Available at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana.

Lezioni dell'occhio, Leonardo da Vinci discepolo dell'esperienza, by Martin Kemp, Vita e Pensiero, 2004. Available at LibroCo.

Piero della Francesca. A Mathematician's Art, by J.V. Field, Yale University Press, 2005. Available at Amazon.

Reactions to the Master: Michelangelo's Effect on Art and Artists in the Sixteenth Century, edited by Francis Ames-Lewis and Paul Joannides, Ashgate, 2003. Available at Ashgate and Amazon.

Re-Reading Leonardo: The "Treatise on Painting" Across Europe, 1550-1900, edited by Claire Farago, Ashgate, 2009. Available at Ashgate and Amazon.

Rethinking the High Renaissance (Visual Culture in Early Modernity), edited by Jill Burke, Ashgate, 2012. Available at Ashgate and Amazon^

Leonardo da Vinci Society