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Publications 2009 - current


  • Goitom, B., Oppenheimer, C., Hammond, J. O. S., Grandin, R., Barnie, T., Donovan, A., Ogubazghi, G., Yohannes, E., Kibrom, G., Kendall, J-M., Carn, S. A., Fee, D., Sealing, C., Blundy, J., Hamlyn, J., Keir, D., Ayele, A., Wright, T., Berhe, S. First recorded eruption of Nabro volcano, Eritrea, 2011, Bull. Volc., doi:10.1007/s00445-015-0966-3 (2015)
  • Civiero, C., Hammond, J. O. S., Goes, S., Fishwick, S., Ahmed, A., Ayele, A., Doubre, C., Goitom, B., Keir, D., Kendall, M., Leroy, S., Ogubzghi, G., Rumpker, G., Stuart, G. W. Multiple mantle upwellings beneath the Northern East-African rift system from relative P-wave traveltime tomography, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., doi:10.1002/2015GC005948 (2015)
  • Ayele, A., Ebinger, C. J., van Alstyne, C., Keir, D., Nixon, C. W., Belachew, M., Hammond, J. O. S. Seismicity of the central Afar rift and implications Tendaho Dam hazards, Geol. Soc. Lond. Memoirs, 420, doi:10.1144/SP420.9 (2015)
  • Barnie, T. D., Keir, D., Hamling, I., Hofmann, B., Belachew, M., Carn, S., Eastwell, D., Hammond, J. O. S., Ayele, A., Oppenheimer, C., Wright, T., A multidisciplinary study of the final episode of the Manda Hararo dyke sequence, Ethiopia, and implications for trends in volcanism during the rifting cycle, Geol. Soc. Lond. Memoirs, 420, doi:10.1144/SP420.6 (2015)
  • Korostelev, F., Weemstra, C., Leroy, S., Boschi, L., Keir, D., Ren, Y., Ahmed, A., Stuart, G. W., Rolandone, F., Khanbari, K., Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Doubre, C., Al Ganad, I, Goitom, B., Ayele, A. Magmatism on rift flanks: insights from ambient-noise phase velocity in the Afar region, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL063259 (2015)
  • Armitage, J. J., Ferguson, D. J., Goes, S., Hammond, J. O. S., Calais, E., Rychert, C. A., Harmon, N. Upper mantle temperature and the onset of extension and break-up in Afar, Africa, Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 418, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.02.039 (2015)
  • Thompson, D. A., Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Stuart, G. W., Keir, D. Hydrous upwelling across the mantle transition zone beneath the Afar triple junction Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 16, doi:10.1002/2014GC005648 (2015)


  • Corbeau, J., Rolandone, F., Leroy, S., Al-Lazki, A., Stork, A., Keir, G. W., Keir, D., Hammond, J. O. S., Doubre, C., Vergne, J., Ahmed , A., Khanbari, K., Uppermost mantle velocity from Pn tomography in the Gulf of Aden Geosphere, 10, 958-968, doi: 10.1130/GES01052.1 (2014)
  • Hamlyn, J., Keir, D., Wright, T., Neuberg, J., Goitom, B, Hammond, J. O. S., Oppenheimer, C. and Kendall, J-M. Seismicity and subsidence following the 2011 Nabro eruption, Eritrea: Insights into the plumbing system of an off-rift volcano, J. Geophys. Res., doi: 10.1002/2014JB011395 (2014)
  • Voight, B., Sparks, R. S. J., Shalev, E., Minshull, T. A., Paulatto, M., Annen, C., Kenedi, C., Hammond, J. O. S., Henstock, T., Brown, L., Kiddle, E., Malin, P., Mattioli, G., Carothers, C., Belousov, A., Clarke, A., Ellet, L., Elsworth, D., Hidayat, D., Herd, R., Johnson, M., Lee, A., Miller, V., Murphy, B., Pierce, C., Ryan, G., Saldana, S., Snelson, C., Stewart, R., Syers, R., Widiwijayanti, C., Young, S. R., Zamora, W. The SEA-CALIPSO volcano imaging experiment at Montserrat: plans, campaigns at sea and on land, scientific results and lessons learned. Geol. Soc. Lond. Memoirs, v39, 253-289, doi:10.1144/M39.15 (2014)
  • Hammond, J. O. S, Wookey, J., Kendall, J‐M., Stuart, G. W and Keir, D. Differentiating flow, melt or fossil seismic anisotropy beneath Ethiopia Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 15, doi:1002/2103GC005185 (2014)
  • Hammond, J. O. S. Constraining melt geometries beneath the Afar Depression, Ethiopia from teleseismic receiver functions: The anisotropic H-κ stacking technique. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 15, doi:10.1002/2013GC005186 (2014)


  • Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Collier, J. and Rumpker, G. The extent of continental crust beneath the Seychelles Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 355, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.08.020 (2013)
  • Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Stuart, G. W., Rychert, C., Ebinger, C., Bastow, I., Keir, D., Ayele, A., Goitom, B. Ogubazghi, G. Mantle upwelling and initiation of rift segmentation beneath the Afar Depression. Geology, 41, 
doi:10.1130/G33925 (2013)
  • Stork, A. L., Stuart, G. W., Henderson, C. M., Keir, D. and Hammond, J. O. S. Uppermost mantle (Pn) velocity model for the Afar region, Ethiopia: An insight into rifting processes. Geophys. J. Int. 193, doi:10.1093/gji/ggs106 (2013)


  • Di Leo, J. F., Wookey, J., Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Kaneshima, S., Inoue, H., Yamashina, T. and Harjadi, P. Mantle flow in regions of complex tectonics: insights from Indonesia. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 13, doi:10.1029/2012GC004417 (2012)
  • Hammond, J. O. S., Collier, J. S., Kendall, J-M., Helffrich, G., Rumpker, G. Plume scar in the mantle lithosphere beneath the Seychelles revealed by seismic imaging. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 355-356, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.08.020 (2012)
  • Rychert, C. A., Hammond, J. O. S., Harmon, N., Kendall, J-M., Keir, D., Ebinger, C., Bastow, I. D., Ayele, A., Belachew, M., Stuart, G. Volcanism in the Afar Rift sustained by decompression melting with minimal plume influence. Nature Geosci. 5, doi:10.1038/ngeo1455 (2012)
  • Di Leo, J. F., Wookey, J., Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Kaneshima, S., Inoue, H., Yamashina, T. and Harjadi, P. Deformation and Mantle flow beneath the Sangihe subduction zone from seismic anisotropy. Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 194-195, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2012.01.008 (2012)


  • Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Stuart, G. W., Keir, D., Ebinger, C. J., Ayele, A. and Belachew, M. The nature of the crust beneath the Afar triple junction: Evidence from receiver functions. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, doi:10.1029/2011GC003738 (2011)
  • Guidarelli, M. G., Stuart, Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Ayele, A. and Belachew, M. Surface wave tomography across Afar, Ethiopia: Crustal structure at a rift triple-junction zone. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, 24, doi:10.1029/2011GL046840 (2011)
  • Helffrich, G., Kendall, J., Hammond, J. O. S., Carroll, M. R. Sulfide melts and long-term seismic wavespeeds in lithospheric and asthenospheric mantle. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, doi:10.1029/2011GL047126 (2011)
  • Keir, D., Belachew, M., Ebinger, C. J., Kendall, J., Hammond, J. O. S., Stuart, G. W., Ayele, A. Mapping the evolving strain field in the Afar Triple Junction using crustal anisotropy. Nature Commun., 2, 285, doi:10.1038/ncomms1287 (2011)
  • Belachew, M., Ebinger, C. J., Cote, D., Keir, D., Rowland, J., Hammond, J. O. S., Ayele, A. Comparison of dike intrusions in an incipient seafloor spreading segment in Afar, Ethiopia: Seismicity perspectives. J. Geophys. Res. 116, doi:10.1029/2010JB007908 (2011)


  • Voight, B., Sparks, R. S. J., Hammond, J. O. S., Shalev, E., Malin, P., Kenedi, C., Minshull, T. A., Paulatto, M., Mattioli, G., Hidayat, D., Widiwijayanti, C. Active Source Seismic Experiment Peers Under Soufriere Hills Volcano. Eos Trans. AGU, 91, 28, 245-­‐246 doi:10.1029/2010EO280002 (2010)
  • Paulatto, M., Minshull, T., Baptie, B., Dean, S., Hammond, J. O. S., Henstock, T., Kenedi, C., Kiddle, E., Malin, P., Peirce, C., Ryan, G., Shalev, E., Sparks, R. S. J and Voight, B., Upper crustal structure of an active volcano from refraction/reflection tomography, Montserrat, Lesser Antilles. Geophys. J. Int., 180 (2), 685–696, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04445.x (2010)
  • Hammond, J. O. S., Wookey, J., Kaneshima, S., Inoue, H., Yamashina, T., Harjadi, P. Systematic variation in anisotropy beneath the mantle wedge in the Java-Sumatra subduction system from shear-wave splitting. Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 178, 189–201, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2009.10.003 (2010)
  • Hammond, J. O. S., Kendall, J-M., Angus, D., Wookey, J. Interpreting spatial variations in anisotropy: Insights into the Main Ethiopian Rift from SKS waveform modelling. Geophys. J. Int., 181, 1701–1712, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04587.x (2010)


  • Keir, D., Hamling, I. J., Ayele, A., Calais, E., Ebinger, C. J., Wright, T., Jacques, E., Mohamed, K., Hammond, J. O. S., Belachew, M., Baker, E., Rowland, J., Lewi, E., Bennati, L. Evidence for focused magmatic accretion at segment centers from lateral dike injections captured beneath the Red Sea rift in Afar. Geology, 37, 59–62, doi:10.1130/G25147A.1 (2009)
  • Collier J. S,. Minshull T. A., Hammond J. O. S., Whitmarsh R. B., Kendall J-M., Sansom V., Lane C. I., Rumpker G., Factors influencing magmatism during continental breakup: New insights from a wide-angle seismic experiment across the conjugate Seychelles-Indian margins, J. Geophys. Res., 114, doi:10.1029/2008JB005898 (2009)

James Hammond  with Erte Ale Volcano in Ethiopia in background